Angella Nabwire

Angella Nabwire

Thursday, 22 December 2016 08:15

5 Reasons To Have More Sex

Enough of hushing. It is but necessary that you understand your body and it’s requirements in entirety. How do you expect to be happy and healthy without that knowledge? Let’s talk about sex.

Whatever the reason driving your libido, the benefits of some netflix and chill is universal and surprisingly (or not) so essential. Besides ‘the love hormone’ oxytocin la-di-da (it’s called ‘making love,’ isn’t it?) and enhancing your bond with your partner (let’s just make that very big assumption), let’s see what else a little (or a lot of) action can contribute to your well-being.

1. Sex reduces stress and anxiety.

The hippocampus is the part of your brain responsible for memory, learning, and emotion. Stress is an emotion, which means that your hippocampus must be switched on when your tired soul wishes to combat stress. According to a study, sexual activity stimulates new cell growth in the hippocampus. This empowers your brain (with a truckload of cheerful ammunition) to deal with stress, resulting in a happier, stress-free you.

By increasing the duration of sexual activity, the initial (mild) anxiety that sex brings with it is reduced as well. Another study also implicates the benefits of sex in regulating blood pressure and, hence, stress.

This just means you’ll have a better day at the office, a more-restful sleep at night, and an ‘I don’t care’ attitude when your dog chews the remote control.

 

2. Sex reduces pain.

Intercourse can be fun ,that itself will probably help you forget about that arthritic knee or bruised shoulder. But the analgesic effects of intercourse are much more than just ‘fun.’

If you’ve had a surgery or watched the TV show House, you are well versed with the term morphine. For those of you who aren’t, it is a painkiller. Our bodies endogenously produce morphine-like painkillers called endorphines.

They increase your pain threshold by decreasing your sensitivity to pain. Sexual intercourse increases oxytocin levels (the love hormone) which allows for the release of endorphins. It is probably the body’s way of ensuring that sexual stimulation remains enjoyable and doesn’t become aversive. Well, it’s a win-win for you! More endorphins translates to ‘Pain?

 

3.Sex decreases cardiovascular risks.

A research group proved that the frequency of orgasms is inversely proportional to mortality. Too much to comprehend? A 1,000 middle-aged men were tracked for ten whole years. Those who had more sex led longer lives–a whopping 50% increased mortality. They also had a stronger heart as observed by their reduced risks of coronary diseases.  Sexual activity, thus, protects your cardiovascular health (jump into the sack at least 2 to 3 times a week). It’s all a matter of the heart after all!

4. Sex increases fertility.

For those of you thinking of filling up the soccer team bus with your DNA (read: having babies) 

this is great news. Yes, it is but obvious, the more sex you have, the higher your chances of conception (very basic math). But there is actually more to it than mere probability.

Sperm quality is reduced when its DNA is damaged. According to an Australian study, sex (to the point of ejaculation) every day for a week improved sperm quality by reducing sperm DNA damage. 81% men exhibited a 12% decrease in sperm DNA damage. Less damaged, more robust sperms naturally improve the chances of conception (increased fertility for both the Mr. and the Mrs.). It is, thus, advised that couples trying to have a baby indulge in the good ol’ houghmagandy daily in the week leading up to ovulation.

 

5.Sex boosts immunity.

Immunoglubilin A (IgA) is the most prevalent antibody (read: defence cell) that is produced in mucosal linings throughout our body. More IgA means a stronger immunity. Also, salivary IgA has been proved to be directly proportional to vaginal IgA (Will tell you why this random piece of information in a bit).

According to a study involving 112 college students, individuals who engaged in sexual activity once or twice a week exhibited higher salivary IgA levels than individuals who had no sex or too much sex (more than twice a week).6 Besides an overall strengthened immunity (you’ll fall less sick and can go on those countless dates you have lined up) more salivary IgA means more IgA in the vaginal mucosa as well. This lowers the susceptibility to sexually transmitted diseases. (Now do you see the connection?)

 

 

 

Wednesday, 14 December 2016 07:32

Useful Remedies Hidden In A Tea Bag

After brewing a big cup of tea, the first thing almost all of us do is, a hunt for a trash bin to get rid of that soggy tea bag. “Yeah! a good deed was done”, wrong!
Surprisingly, old tea bags can be used in multiple ways. It is similar to your granny’s advice – might sound weird, but definitely effective when used. They are mentioned below.

1.Revitalises Puffy Tired Eyes

All of us have those nights when we are too engrossed in completing the series, and the result is zombie-like puffy eyes the next day. Tannins in black tea can energise your eyes, and also help in removing that extra baggage under your eyes.
Store used tea bags in an airtight jar, and keep in a fridge. Grab your instant cool “Eye-Lifters” whenever you have those lazy mornings.

2.Fixes Minor Burns

Tannins in tea bags soothe inflammation caused by heat, you can use your refrigerated tea bag to get relief from minor burns as well. It helps in reducing inflammation, and is an effective remedy for minor burns.

3.Treats Sunburn

Do not worry if instead of getting a nice tan on the beach, you sun-burnt your back. A tea bag can be highly effective in getting rid of the itchiness as well as flaky skin. The acid present in black tea possesses soothing properties, that help in getting rid of the excess heat due to sunburn. So, next time pack a tea bag along with your sunscreen while going to the beach.

4.Removes Warts

Get rid of warts by placing a green tea bag on the affected area. You can secure it by wrapping a bandage on top of the tea bag. Antioxidants present in green tea, prevents warts from growing bigger. Replace the old tea bag with a new one after every 15 minutes.

5.Helps Get Rid Of Dandruff

Dandruff is one stubborn issue that almost all of us face at some point in time. If you are done with spending money on expensive products, here is a simple solution – rinse your hair with tea. Steep your favorite tea for an hour before rinsing. A daily scalp massage with tea not only removes dandruff but also adds shine to your hair.

6. Freshens Your Stinky Shoes

Stinky shoes are a matter of deep embarrassment, especially when you are far away from the comfort of your own home. You can freshen your smelly shoes by placing a tea bag in each shoe. It absorbs moisture and wards off the stink.

7.Shoos Off Odour From Hands

Wash your hands with tea bags to get rid of onion and garlic smell. It is effective in getting rid of odours to some extent.

8.Avoids Sore Gums

Spoiler alert – you will end up looking funny! But who cares if it works. Place tea bags in your mouth to reduce swelling and blood clot.

9. Gets Rid Of Watermarks On Mirror

Nobody likes any kind of distraction in the middle of self-admiration, right? Get rid of those water marks on your bathroom mirror by wiping it with a cloth soaked in brewed tea bags. 

10.Helps Cleanse The Dishes

We all understand the struggle of removing grime from the dishes. Here is an easy solution, soak your dirty dishes with tea bags for overnight. You will thank yourself the next day as they are much easier to clean now.

11.Acts As A Manure For Your Garden

Impress your buddies by this impressive re-use of tea bags. Tannins in the tea lower the pH levels of the soil. Lesser the pH level, fewer chances of fungus accumulation at the base of plants. Place the tea bag in the soil around the plant and enjoy the beautiful blossoms.

 

Wednesday, 14 December 2016 06:46

Why Pain Is A Good Thing?

Most of us want to get things done easily without any pain or sorrow. Whenever we hit a stumbling block, we get disappointed and tend to fail in life. But you will succeed if you persevere taking pain in right sense. Pain has its own merits. Once you realize the miraculous change a pain can bring in your life, you will never long for the easy path.

1.Boosts Your Confidence

Success earned the hard way is the sweetest. You tend to measure and value your achievements by the number of obstacles you have to overcome to reach a goal. Pain boosts your confidence for the future and teaches to appreciate your work.

The first visit to a gym is never easy. You have endure pain to build a stronger body. And how satisying it is when you like what you see in the mirror! As you invest more time and pain into achieving a goal, you will feel more committed and driven to do your best.

 

2.Teaches You Life Lessons

Pain is an experience that teaches you how to overcome obstacles in life and move ahead. It equips you to be a better person who does not succumb to tough times. Without having any hurdles to overcome, you will be a man of no experience.

Exam failures, broken relationships, and never-ending job hunts are inevitable experiences that are painful. They may delay our heart’s desires, but in the long run they help us learn to value what really matters. They provide you with ammunition you to face the next challenge. Every failure will, thus, leave a lesson for you and make you stronger.

 

3. Creates Fond Memories

The pain of today may be a cherished memory tomorrow. Recollecting these memories will make you a stronger person and act as a catalyst for all your future ventures. The painstaking effort you put into achieving a goal will always remain a loving memory for you.

This is best explained by the pain a mother undergoes during labor. There will be no difference of opinion among mothers when it comes to the pain associated with childbirth. However, they will also be unanimous in the joy they experienced when they heard their baby’s first cry. It is timeless.

4. Strengthens Your Memory

You can’t help but wish for things to be easier. It is but natural to think that lessons learnt without stress are easier to learn. But you are wrong. Researchers at Princeton and Indiana University found that students find it easier to retain ideas that are printed in a font that is difficult to read. The students were forced to concentrate on learning the material, more than usual, which helped them recall it effortlessly much later.

Similarly, lessons learned the hard way are the most remembered. For instance, when your business partnership shatters, you learn what went wrong and won’t repeat your mistake the next time around. Pain is short-lived, but the hard-earned lessons survive a lifetime.

It is impossible to have a pain-free life. Whenever pain comes your way, don’t panic. Embrace it and focus on the takeaway. You will emerge as a changed, more confident individual.

Two people have been rushed to hospital after police used teargas and live bullets to dispersed a Togikwatako consultative rally in Kasubi, Rubaga Division, in Kampala.

Togikwatako, loosely translated as don’t dare touch it, is the rallying slogan for Ugandans opposed to the amendment of the Constitution to scrap the age limit cap.

The rally that was organised by Lubaga North MP, Mr Moses Kasibante, to sensitise the electorate about the need not to amend Article 102 (b) of the Constitution that bars people who are over 75 years from contesting for presidency.

Speaker after speaker said the move by Mr Magyezi, the Igara West MP, who tabled the controversial bill to delete the article and supported by some NRM MPs, is intended to pave way for President Yoweri Museveni's “life presidency” and therefore, should be opposed.

Immediately after Kampala Lord Mayor Erias Lukwago took to the podium, a commotion ensued as police officers blocked the road near the rally venue opposite Kasubi Tombs.

In the ensuing melee, police fired teargas. One person was injured in the face and another on the right leg.

Most of the MPs, councillors and other politcians took off as police officers relentlessly fired bullets and teargas. The Leader of Opposition in Parliament, Ms Winfred Kiiza and a few MPs endured the teargas.

Her aides shielded to withstand tear gas that engulfed the venue.

Kampala Deputy Lord Mayor, Ms Sarak Kanyike fainted and was rushed to hospital.

Credit: Daily Monitor Uganda

 

Tuesday, 17 October 2017 06:00

Ethiopian Airlines to partner tour firms

Ethiopian Airlines is looking for tour and travel companies to partner in order to boost regional tourism and trade between Uganda and Ethiopia.

Abebe Angessa, the country manager for Ethiopian Airlines in Uganda, said Uganda’s trade and tourism ties with Ethiopia have been the largest contributor to their business, and it is time the airline invested more to strengthen the relationship between the two countries.

According to Angessa, promotion of tourism has been minimal as the concentration has been placed on trade and other travels.

“Ethiopians have a lot of disposable income and the country has many historical sites, which Ugandans can visit. The same applies to Uganda where we have a lot of fauna and flora; we are looking for people to work with on this.”

Angessa said: “We have developed special packages for holiday makers. We are ready to enter partnerships with designated tour and travel operators and ticketing agents to exploit this tourism potential.”

Angessa who was addressing the airlines travel agents in Kampala further said if need be, the number of flights from Entebbe to Addis Ababa will increase from three to five every day.

Angessa said tourists can visit special sites such as the place where the biblical covenant is kept, the Nagashi mosque, ancient buildings and churches of the 12th century.

“The sights, the scenery, the culture are already there. Ethiopia’s ancient Orthodox Christianity has gifted the nation with thousands of churches and monasteries,” he said.

Credit. The Observer Uganda

Kampala. Uganda and Kenya failed the “logistical eco-system” that led to the problematic railway operations by Rift Valley Railways (RVR) and consequently the back to back termination of the concession by the two governments, the managing director of Transportation at Qalaa Holdings S.A.E, Mr Karim Hassan Sadek, has revealed.
Qalaa Holdings, a Cairo based private equity and venture capital firm, formerly known as Citadel Capital, holds majority stake in the RVR consortium which was leased operations for the Uganda-Kenya meter gauge railway in 2005 running until 2030.
In an interview with Daily Monitor last week in Kampala, Mr Sadek said for years prior to the signing of the concession, Uganda Railway Corporation (URC) and Kenya Railways Corporation (KRC) were loss making entities and that operating the railway required more than just an investor sinking in money.
“A railway operates a logistical eco-system which was and is in the hand of the two governments, such as the port at Mombasa operated By Kenya Ports Authority (KPA), customs under Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) and Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) but unfortunately they were all reading from different scripts,” he explained.
Kenya terminated the RVR concession in August after a protracted legal battle, followed by Uganda on October 4.

Grounds of termination
Finance minister Matia Kasaija, in the termination letter, premised the decision to mainly RVR’s failure “to remedy the events of default” within the period specified in the different reminders that had been issued to them over the last months.
Mr Kasaija who first hinted on revoking the concession while reading the Budget in June, cited other factors such as RVR’s failure to; hit the agreed freight volume targets which were even revised downwards in 2014, submit quarterly and annual external audit reports, failed to rehabilitate and operate the Pakwach line, and generally all assets leased to them.
He also instructed the company to hand back the conceded assets including without limitations all updated data, files and software (or part thereof relating to the conceded assets) to Uganda Railway Corporation URC immediately and provide a handover report, and further demanded that RVR’s guarantor, UAP Insurance, pays URC $3m (Shs10.6b) as performance bond due.
Mr Sadek, in the interview, said the Ugandan government first issued them with a termination notice on July 28 last year detailing nine areas “they claimed we had defaulted at the time when we were in the midst of getting new investors.”
The nine areas were similarly contained in the final October 4 termination notice.
“We responded to each of them concerns put forward providing a breakdown of each of the point, some of which were factually incorrect,” Mr Sadek added. “Nothing happened in the period that followed, except the first notice of termination in April this year and another in June, with a 90 days expiry date.”
On August 30, Mr Sadek said RVR “presented a notice for arbitration and in September when the notice of termination was supposed to expire, we went to High Court and secured an injunction to basically stop the termination until arbitration has been disposed of.”
“Today we are operating under court order freezing termination until it decides whether there are grounds for termination or not. My understanding of that are two things; one that there is a contractual arrangement between both parties, and secondly whether there is a dispute or not,” Mr Sadek explained.
“There is a documented sequence of events and as a country with rule of law, I am startled when the government moves to terminate the concession yet a court case has not yet been disposed of.”
The railway line is 1,300km from Kampala to Mombasa; with 1,000km in Kenya and 300km in Uganda. As a result of this, Mr Sadek said, Uganda accounts for 75 per cent of RVR revenues while Kenya accounts of 80 percent total costs due to the distance.
When Kenya first terminated RVR’s concession, Mr Sadek said, “our thinking was that we can have the Ugandan concession even after the latter is gone.” This would work in a way that KRC which now operates the Kenyan line would move the freight up to Malaba, from where we would pick them to Kampala.
“It was ideal for us; it meant we no longer had to hustle about the 1,000km in Kenya. In any other case, the lenders were ideally getting no money out even after taking the haircut; so for each 70 per cent of a dollar invested they recovered only 26 percent.”
Prior to the concession both the Uganda and Kenya lines were managed differently by URC and KRC, respectively. However the concession introduced the “corridor” model of the line being manned singularly from Mombasa to Kampala.
RVR defended that they mostly invested in “locomotives in Kenya” given the long distance and upgraded those in Uganda but still are weak.
RVR system has 219 locomotives (175 in Kenya and 44 in Uganda) and approximately 7,500 wagons and three water ferries (6,000 wagons and one ferry in Kenya and 1,433 wagons and two ferries in Uganda).
Uganda’s first termination notice last year, Mr Sadek, said alarmed both auditors and potential lenders “which means we had to take further downscale within our budget.”
“The reason why we went to court in Kenya and now in Uganda was not to delay any process or rather to stop them from terminating us but it was rather to talk sense in each other because we thought they had thought reasoning; unfortunately we are not seeing any of that.”
The termination has since been done and sealed in Kenya but in Kenya it leaves behind unanswered queries of who is going to manage the transition or even pay salaries of staff for the months of September and October.
A team of government officials led by Works minister Monica Azuba and junior investment minister Evelyn Anite, while touring RVR/URC assets on October 6, indicated that that government was not ready to continue “looking on as RVR messed up the concession.”
URC board chair Hannington Karuhanga attributed the current sorry state of the railway network to negligence by RVR “which looked on as most assets were being vandalized.”
But Mr Sadek wondered how they were supposed to “protect all assets without input from URC. This is something we left to them every now and then but they never showed any interest in acting.”
”Before we took over management most of the assets in both countries had been vandalized but we tried as much as possible to restore and rehabilitate whatever we could,” Mr Sadek noted.
He added: “That does not mean that we did not have shortcomings as investors but in any case we tried, except that there was not commitment from neither governments for this railway to succeed given their current focus on standard gauge.”

Having been criticized by some Ugandans for their loud silence on current social and political developments in the country, religious leaders have finally weighed in on the debate on plans to limit the presidential age limit.

While some are for total rejection, others in support, some clergy have played safe by refusing to comment altogether on plans to amend article 102(b) of the Constitution to lift the presidential age limit currently capped at 75 years.

The article seals the age of the president at between 35 and 75 years beyond which an individual cannot stand for the highest office.
Parliament is currently considering an amendment to the constitution on land issues, after the tabling, a month ago.

However, the discussion of the new bill is as divisive as the debate on the age of the president, an issue yet to be formally brought to parliament.
 
But the tone within the ruling party, National Resistance Movement shows that many are in favour of lifting the age limit to allow President Yoweri Museveni extend his rule beyond 2021 when he will be 77 years.
 
And now religious leaders have weighed in on the issue with many saying amending Article 102(b) could turn Uganda into a dictatorship while others argue that the matter should be decided through a referendum.
 
Among those opposed to amending the Constitution include Bishop Reuben Kisembo of Ruwenzori Diocese, a Church of Uganda episcopal territory that covers the districts of Kabarole, Bundibugyo, Ntoroko, Kyenjojo and Kyegegwa.
 
Bishop Kisembo says that if the Constitution is amended, the Members of Parliament will have done a disservice to the people of Uganda. Bishop Kisembo also says that the Uganda has able people who can lead the country and should be given an opportunity as well.
 
"Why should a single leader rule this country for three decades? There are many people out there who can also be presidents. My prayer is that our beloved constitution should be respected," Kisembo said.
 
On Sunday, shortly after attending the installation of Reverend Dr Alfred Olwa as third Bishop of Lango Diocese, Bishop Kisembo posted on his Facebook page a message with clear intentions.
 
"Today we have been at All Saints Cathedral Boro-Boro in Lira Town witnessing a peaceful handover of power from Bishop John Charles Odurkami relinquishing authority over the Diocese and handing it to the Rt. Rev Dr Alfred Olwa. This is a big lesson to us in offices that time should come and we see peaceful transition of power. However good we are, we should leave and others continue for the good of our offices and institutions. No need to change the constitution or age limit."  
 
Last week, while speaking at Fort Portal Diocese headquarters in Virika, the Bishop Fort Portal Catholic Diocese, Dr Robert Muhirwa, expressed the same views.
 
Bishop Muhirwa warned legislators against amending the Constitution, noting that such a move would breed dictatorship in the country. Speaking in Runyoro-Rutooro, Muhirwa also reminded the MPs that they swore an oath to protect the Constitution, therefore it should be respected.
 
The bishop warned that changing the Constitution could plunge the country into turmoil leading to death of innocent people.
 
Sheikh Habibu Mande, the Rwenzori Region Khadi, however, sounded cagey when URN sought his comment. He said that there is nothing wrong with amending the Constitution as long as it benefits the country.

On whether the presidential age limit should be lifted, Mande says that he will first seek permission from the Uganda Muslim Supreme Council before speaking to the media on the issue.
 
Rt. Rev. Giuseppe Filippi of Kotido Diocese says the matter requires a referendum, arguing that every country has a right to determine how it should be governed including changing the Constitution.
 
He however notes that there must be big support from the public.

"Uganda needs a referendum on this matter to get a clear view of the people. However, in some countries like Brazil and Venezuela where minority selfish people tempered with the Constitution, people reacted in a bad way," Bishop Filippi noted.
 
His counterpart from Moroto Catholic Diocese, Bishop Damiano Guzzetti, highlights what he calls a lot of efforts for transformation in the last 30 years.

"I came to Uganda in August the same year President Museveni took over power. I have seen so many government initiatives targeting community transformation but somehow not successful due to poor implementation. I can have a brand new car and hire a driver but it depends on the skills of the driver to deliver me to my destiny," Bishop Damiano said.
 
Both bishops, Filippi and Guzzetti are missionary priests from Italy.
 
Some of the bishops say they need a higher authority to speak on the matter. Bishop Joseph Abura of the Anglican Diocese of Karamoja declined to speak openly saying the matter is delicate and requires consultation with the Province of Church of Uganda or the Inter-Religious Council of Uganda.

He however underscored the achievements of ruling NRM government in the region as a key milestone to progress in the entire country.
 
Bishop Abura revealed that the issue of the presidential age limit was brought in the agenda of the last House of Bishops meeting in July but was differed since it had not been brought to parliament.
 
"We couldn't discuss it there because it is just being fronted by the media and activists. If government initiates the process through parliament we shall then talk about it. It's not good to speculate," Bishop Abura notes.
 
Other religious leaders who say they need permission from a higher authority to speak include Kasana-Luweero Bishop Paul Ssemogerere. Known for being vocal on political issues, Bishop Ssemogerere this time asked for time to consult the Inter-Religious Council of Uganda (IRCU).
 
However, Bishop James Nasak of Northern Karamoja Diocese voiced his opposition to any moves to amend the constitution saying it sets a dangerous precedent for the country.
 
The cleric notes that much as President Museveni could be a tolerant leader, rules must be observed by all parties for democracy to thrive. He adds that amending the constitution often is not solution for the country.

"How are we going to test the different abilities and different skills of the young people coming up? [Lifting the age limit is] One way of limiting and blocking off some of the talents that God is bringing up in the country especially of young people", said Bishop Nasaka.

"You serve for 20 years, 30 years, 40 years because there is no limit. Another regime will come with different in different times, with authority and also begin to suppress people but we’ll have to live with it because there is no term limit and there is no age limit.  I mean, we must limit ourselves that is why rules are there. Even in football, there are rules of the game so that there is control . I mean if the church is regulating its own leadership why not in politics?".
 
Sheikh Auni Aramazan, the district Kadhi for Karamoja, however, says the presidential age limit should be removed. Citing Karamoja sub-region, the Kadhi notes that it's only through President Museveni that Karamoja is peaceful and accessible.

"According to the religious views on the present age limit amendment is; it can be possible  if the country is peaceful and you have somebody who can maintain it. It can be amended beyond 75 years, it just like a driver when you are driving, how do you bring somebody who doesn’t know how to drive. It can cause accidents. For me there can be amendment what where after is peace", Sheikh Aramazan said.
 
In Masaka region, Bishop John Baptist Kaggwa of Masaka Diocese told URN he cannot talk about the age limit debate saying he doesn't understand it.

"Please, don't ask me about two things; age limit debate and the constitution amendment bill on land. I don't understand them. I need to first study them and clearly understand them," Bishop Kaggwa noted.
 
Sheikh Shaibu Ndugga and Sheikh Bulhan Bagunduuse both Masaka district Kadhis loyal to Kibuli and Uganda Muslim Supreme Council respectively, declined to speak share their views about the ongoing debate.
 
While Sheikh Ndugga explained that it is not yet time to talk about age limit, Sheikh Bagunduuse simply said he has nothing to say.

Last week IRCU issued a statement on land issues but remained silent on the age limit debate. Joshua Kitakule, the IRCU secretary general, when reached last week on position of the council on age limit debate, he replied that they are yet to issue any statement because the matter is still in speculation.
 
"We always guide on issues or bills that have been gazetted or formalized and currently the age limit bill has not been gazetted, so we cannot base on speculation."

President Museveni, who has been in power since January 1986, will be 75 in 2019. If the constitutional provision remains as it is, he will be ineligible to contest in 2021.

Tuesday, 17 October 2017 06:00

Museveni’s long march in power

As the debate on Raphael Magyezi’s bill to amend Article 102(b) rages, BAKER BATTE LULE looks back at the journey President Museveni has walked to where he is now.

Some pundits refer to his 31 years in power as a life presidency project. That from the outset, Museveni was never going to let go of the presidency.

The carrot and stick have been applied at different points to overcome obstacles to this alleged project.

We start with the first four years after the NRM/A shot its way into office in 1986 when the new government issued Legal Notice No. 1. The notice decreed that the interim government would be in place for only four years, following which a general election would be called in 1989.

However, in the same year, President Museveni, who was the chairman of the NRA [now UPDF] and National Resistance Council [now parliament], shifted.

He told his then minister of Justice and attorney general, George Wilson Kanyeihamba, to draft justifications for the extension of the NRC and its executive arm for another five years until a new constitution under which general elections would be held had been written.

Kanyeihamba, now a retired Supreme court judge, told The Observer recently that there were justifiable reasons for the extension of Museveni’s tenure then. But these reasons no longer exist today, Kanyeihamba says.

“When the Movement came, they had given themselves four years but that was idealistic. Museveni entrusted me to articulate the views why the NRM should extend for another five years. I did; you don’t have to believe my word, go to the NRM secretariat [and check what I said],” Kanyeihamba said.

Today, the retired judge finds himself vehemently opposed to his former boss’ determination to lift age limits from the constitution and remove the last thing standing in the way of a potential presidency for life. Kanyeihamba says the issues which necessitated extending Museveni’s tenure 28 years ago have long disappeared.

“For the president who has served the country for over 30 years making decisions day and night; he is physically and mentally exhausted...,” he said.

In the then expanded National Resistance Council of 270 members, only one member, Joseph Wasswa Ziritwawula opposed the 1989 extension. He famously walked out, resigning his seat as NRC member representing a Kampala constituency.

Ziritwawula has long retreated from active politics. However, in an interview with a local daily, the former Kampala mayoral candidate said he would still resign if the same situation played out now.

“Proclamation No. 1 of 1986, put it that the government would be in power for four years after which they would hold elections. Which they didn’t do,” Ziritwawula said.

“I was saying that parliament (NRC) could not extend its term. It is like parliament sitting today and deciding to extend its term. That is not its mandate; it’s the mandate of the people. Giving a period for government is a mandate of the whole population; not a mandate of parliament,” he said.

LIFTING OF TERM LIMITS

The NRC later approved the Uganda Constitutional Commission headed by former Chief Justice Benjamin Odoki to collect people’s views about the new constitution which was debated and promulgated by the Constituent Assembly in 1995. In there, it had article 105 (b) limiting a person eligible for election as president to two five-year terms.

In the subsequent elections of 1996, a still popular President Museveni defeated his closest rival, the opposition coalition candidate, Paul Kawanga Ssemogerere by 75 percent.

Five years on in 2001, he returned to the people with an election manifesto built around the need to professionalise the armed forces ahead of the transition to full civilian rule.

Credit: The Observer Newspaper.

 

East African Community, Kampala, Uganda, 28 October, 2016: The  second  EAC Common Market Scorecard (CMS) 2016  which evaluates implementation of the EAC Common Market Protocol was  launched  in  Kampala, Uganda by the EAC Deputy Secretary  General  in charge of Finance and Administration, Hon. Jesca Eriyo. The Scorecard 2016, which measures Partner States' compliance to the free movement of capital, services, and goods, was developed by the World Bank Group together with Trade Mark East Africa at the request of the EAC Secretariat.


The Scorecard was developed over a period of 18 months under the supervision of the EAC Secretariat and Partner States. The areas of capital, services and goods were selected for scoping as they are fundamental to the operations of the Common Market.

Addressing the participants at the launching, the EAC Deputy Secretary General stated that "a number of reforms have been undertaken since the 2014 CMS.  These have brought the total number of non-conforming measures (NCMs) down from 63 in 2014 to 59 in 2016.'' While this shows progress it should be noted that all EAC Partner States remain largely non-compliant in their services trade liberalization commitments, added Hon. Jesca Eriyo.

Hon Eriyo disclosed to the participants that In CMS 2016 all Partner States were given full marks for compliance. Subsequent scorecards should consider assessing implementation of these commitments.The Deputy Secretary General informed the participants that the Scorecard is well aligned with the EAC's implementation priorities. "It fosters peer learning and facilitate the adoption of best practice in the region".

"The Scorecard will contribute to strengthen the regional market, grow the private sector and deliver benefits to consumers," stated Hon. Eriyo.


She said the implementation in terms of recognition of certificates of origin, an issue repeatedly identified as a significant non-tariff barrier (NTB) in 2014, Burundi continues to earn full points and Kenya continues to score 90 percent.  Tanzania's recognition of certificates of origin has improved from 50 to 60 percent; Rwanda and Uganda's scores have both declined, indicating a worsening performance in terms of recognizing certificates of origin of other EAC Partner States. Most countries improved their score on applying tariff equivalent charges, though such charges persist as barriers to intra-EAC trade, stated the EAC official.

Hon Jesca Eriyo disclosed to the participants that the EAC average of resolution of new NTBs for the 2016 period was about 54 percent, better than the 38 percent rate for CMS 2014. The EAC Deputy Secretary General called for greater information sharing regarding the Treaty and Protocol provisions in the Partner States. Some members of the private sector, including private sector apex bodies, were unfamiliar with the Protocol or with the commitments affecting their operations. Hon Eriyo urged Partner States to strongly engage and inform the private sector on the implications on these reforms on their day-to-day operations across the region and develop a private sector reform champions who could help push for implementation.

Catherine Masinde, the Practice Manager, East Africa, Trade and Competitiveness, World Bank Group, said, EAC Partners have done a commendable effort in removing barriers to free movement of capital, services and goods, but more needs to be done

She said the EAC Scorecard provides transparent, rigorous, unbiased and client-led data on the key implementation gaps to the integration of the region's economies. It also highlights possible reform areas to improve compliance to the Common Market Protocol".

On his  part Vice Chairman of East African Business Council Uganda, Kassim Omary, said it is of atmost importance to measure the extent to which the EAC Parter States are translating the Common Market Protocol into policies that support actualization of free movement of people and workers, goods, services and the rights of establishment and residence within the EAC Partner States

Mr Richard Kamajugo, Senior Director of Trade Mark East Africa in-charge  of Trade  and Environment,  said that  the TMEA Program of support to the Common Market Scorecard has been running from 2012 to march 2017,under the EAC Investment Climate Programe. He said the total budget support to the program was $ 10.4m,  through IFC and EAC (technical support), under a 5 component program aimed at increasing  inter and intra-regional trade and investment  through investment climate reforms supporting the EAC Common Market.

 

East African Court of Justice, Arusha, 31st October, 2016: The Judge President of the East African Court of Justice (EACJ), Hon. Justice Dr. Emmanuel Ugirashebuja, has on behalf of the Court congratulated Hon. Justice Isaac Lenaola upon his new appointment as a judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kenya.

Justice Lenaola who has been a Judge at the High Court of Kenya been promoted to the Supreme Court of Kenya after a rigorous recruitment process. His Lordship has replaced retired Justice Philip Tunoi, former Vice President of the EACJ. Until his appointment, Justice Lenaola was the head of the Constitutional and Human Rights Division at the High Court of Kenya.

The Summit of the EAC Heads of State appointed His Lordship Justice Lenaola as a Judge of the EACJ, First Instance Division, in April 2011 and consequently designated him as the Deputy Principal Judge of the same Division in November 2013, a position he still holds to date. Justice Lenaola replaced retired Hon. Lady Justice Mary Stella Arach Amoko from the Republic of Uganda with effect from 1st December, 2013.  

The President of the Court, Hon. Justice Dr. Ugirashebuja hailed Justice Lenaola upon his new appointment and wishes him success in his new role as a Supreme Court judge.

Hon. Justice Dr. Ugirashebuja said that Justice Lenaola's elevation from the High Court to the Supreme Court demonstrates the judge's industriousness and commitment to serve, thus his being entrusted with a greater assignment.   

 

His Excellency, President Uhuru Kenyatta swore in Justice Lenaola as a Judge of the Supreme Court on 28th October, 2016. Also sworn in at the same ceremony was Justice Philomena Mwilu as the Deputy Chief Justice of the Republic of Kenya.

 

 

About the EACJ

 

The East African Court of Justice (EACJ or 'the Court'), is one of the Organs of the East African Community established under Article 9 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community. Established in November 2001, the Court's major responsibility is to ensure the adherence to law in the interpretation and application of and compliance with the EAC Treaty.

 

Arusha is the temporary seat of the Court until the Summit determines its permanent seat. The Court's sub-registries are located in the respective National Courts in the Partner States.

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